Alexandria better known as the mermaid of the Mediterranean, is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo. In fact it is considered to be the second Capital of Egypt.

Alexandria was built during the rule of the Greek emperor Alexander the Great who seek to immortalize his name through this city. The Greek architect Dinocrates built Alexandria on the site of the old village Rhakotis 331 BC. Later Alexandria flourished to be a prominent cultural, political and economic metropolis. It was the renowned capital of the Ptolemies with monuments many of which remain to be a witness to a great civilization. Alexandria (31.09N 29.53E ) is located at the north of Egypt. Its geographic location enabled it to be one the most important ports in Egypt with more than 50% share of Egypt's sea trade.

Today Alexandria is witnessing one of brightest days of its history with the the work being done to revive the city to be as it was once called the mermaid of the Mediterranean.
Although the number of historical sites are limited in Alexandria compared to Cairo or Luxor for example it is considered the most attractive city in Egypt for its moderate weather, long beached of white sand and blue water, beautiful buildings and friendly people.

When you visit Alexandria don't forget to go to the following places :

  • Greco-Roman museum : which is the main museum in Alexandria, built in 1887 and has large collection of exhibits from the Greco-Roman era.
  • The Roman theatre : in Kom El Dekka is one of the important sites in Alexandria which was reserved for thousands of years. Today musical and ballet shows are held in the Roman theatre to attract Egyptians to this great monument.
  • The fort of Qayetbay : which was built in 1480 on the ruins of the Alexandria Lighthouse to repel raiders from the Mediterranean. The medieval-style Fort was named after the Mamelouk Sultan Qaitbay, and is considered one of Alexandria's landmarks.
  • Al-Haramlek palace in Montazah : Built on a low plateau east of Alexandria and overlooking the beach amid about 370 feddans of gardens , Montazah comprises a number of buildings, the most important being Al-Haramlek and Al-Salamlek (now an upscale restaurant). Formerly the official summer residence of Egypt's King, Al-Haramlek is now a presidential palace. Its unique architecture combines Islamic, and European elements.